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Versatile Hunting Dog Federation of Canada (VHDF-Canada) Homepage

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This webpage was mounted on April 3, 2015 and last updated on January 26, 2019 by Sheila Schmutz

This webpage is moving to http://www.vhdf-canada.ca in March, 2020. Please change bookmark!

Photo credits: Most photos were taken by Dale Eslinger and used with permission.

Feature Story

How one hunter could help Wyoming improve its laws

by John C. Staley

One hopes that every animal drops where it stood to provide first rate venison as this young White-tail did. Otus vom Ahler Esch, who lives at Sunnynook Kennel, is here only for show. He hopes that the Saskatchewan Ministry of Environment will give him permission soon to apply what he has learned. Otus has passed the VHDF-Canada day-track test. This involves 400 ml of blood dabbed by sponge over 400 m with a 4 hr wait time.

Historically the use of dogs for the recovery of wounded or dead big game had been banned in Western North America. Doing a quick search I have discovered that in the Western US it is allowed only in Utah, Idaho, Montana, South Dakota, and now Wyoming. Three western states outright outlaw it in their rules and regulations (Washington, Oregon, and Nevada). Luckily for game and hunters, many U.S. states and Ontario and Quebec have changed their laws/regulations.

Idaho allowed the use of dogs in 2010. North Dakota has a bill to legalize blood tracking currently in their legislature and I have heard of effort to legalize it in Saskatchewan and Alberta. In British Columbia, it is legal to hunt big game with dogs as long as they are leashed. Manitoba regulations state that: "Dogs may not be used for any purpose connected with big game hunting". One thing I have learned from researching this is that hunting regulations are extremely difficult to navigate!

When I moved back to my home state of Wyoming, I knew that it was explicitly prohibited. Having seen it legalized in Utah only a couple of years earlier, I thought it might be a challenge worth tackling. Early last year I had reconnected with an old friend from High School who has been a Member of the State House of Representatives from Green River, Wyoming, for quite some time. While we are on different sides of the political spectrum we are not separated by a wide chasm, more like a narrow river.

Every state, and I assume every province, has a different method of dealing with their game laws. On May 23, 2018 I sent the following message to my friend: “Stan are you up for a challenge? I was informed by Wyoming Game and Fish that the use of blood tracking dogs to find and recover killed and wounded big game is prohibited by state statute and can only be changed by the legislature. We are expected to do everything in our power to recover big game but are prevented from using the best tool we have available. Other western states have come around, it’s time Wyoming did as well. I can provide you with more info if you are interested.” His response was, “I would be willing to look into that if I am re-elected. Send me more information.” Luckily he was re-elected!

In July I ran across Stan at a class reunion and we were able to discuss this in more detail. I provided him a copy of the Utah law to work from. At the time the Wyoming law read, “PROHIBITED ACTS. IT IS ILLEGAL TO: Use any dog to hunt, run or harass any big or trophy game animal, protected animal or furbearing animal except as otherwise provided by statute. The Commission shall regulate the use of dogs to take mountain lions and bobcats during hunting or trapping seasons.” While the Utah law reads, “A person may not use the aid of a dog to take, chase, harm or harass big game. The use of one blood-trailing dog controlled by leash during lawful hunting hours within 72 hours of shooting a big game animal is allowed to track wounded animals and aid in recovery.”

The Wyoming Legislature is in session during the months of January and February and it appears to be a busy time for them. On November 7th I received a message from Stan indicating he was starting to look for co-sponsors for the bill. On December 4th I received a copy of the draft bill from Stan, it was essentially a verbatim copy of the Utah law. On December 16th Stan notified me he had taken the bill to the head of the Wyoming Game and Fish for review. His only issue with the bill was the 72 hours. He indicated that by then the meat would be totally spoiled and from that perspective Stan felt we had a better chance of getting it through with a 36 hour window and I saw no reason to argue with that. The Wyoming Outfitters have a powerful voice at the state legislature so if they want to get that extended for their trophy hunters they are more than welcome to try.

The next message arrived from Stan on January 15th indicating that on the next morning the bill, HB073, would be going before the Travel, Recreation and Wildlife Committee. On February 15th I was notified that the Bill had passed both sides of the legislature and was signed by both the Senate President and the Speaker of the House. It was sent to the Governor who signed it on February 19, 2019 at 2 PM Mountain Standard Time. To be honest, I had little hope that it would pass but I have always lived by the motto of “Make them tell you no, don’t assume they will”.

This coming spring and summer will be spent training Bear Hills’ Ember and Eagle Rock’s Alpine in the fine art of blood tracking. We are doing our part to include a little more versatility in our versatile hunting dogs. I hope to make our team available to local hunters and outfitters if they are in need of help finding their animals. Maybe next year I will be able to tell you how successful we have been.

Scenes carved into rocks in the Saudi Arabian dessert at least 8000 years ago show different uses for hunting dogs (D. Grimm, DOI: 10.1126/science.358.6365.854 ). Were these the first leashed tracking dogs used to recover game the arrow could not kill on the spot?

Tests Offered

VHDF Testing at a Glance

Hunters make diverse demands of their dogs, especially those hunters pursuing upland birds, waterfowl and possibly big game. Such a wide range of uses is possible because versatile dogs have been selected for a greater range of behavioural responses than any other type of dog. VHDF tests have been designed as a tool to help breeders maintain this exemplary range of performance in their breed.

Some of the VHDF tested traits can be greatly affected by training (e.g. obedience) while others are more purely ability and also more highly heritable (e.g. use of nose). In keeping with a service orientation for breeders, VHDF tests focus heavily on ability and less so on trained responses. For example, there is no obedience judged in the Hunting Aptitude Evaluation (HAE) for young dogs, a moderate amount in the Advanced Hunting Aptitude Evaluation (AHAE; e.g. steadiness), and most in the Performance Evaluation (PE). In the PE test, an experienced dog is expected to function as an integral member of the hunting team in all aspects of bird hunting.

The table above offers a quick overview of the tasks and abilities evaluated in each test. Note that scores in the green and yellow shaded portions of the chart are doubled in the final score to give more weight to these "ability" subjects compared to the largely trained subjects shown in blue.

More detailed information about VHDF-Canada Field Tests and past scores is available on a separate webpage.

Blood Tracking Test

Big game hunters outnumber bird hunters, and many hunters pursue both types of game. By encouraging hunters to use their dogs of virtually any breed or mix, and by offering blood-tracking workshops, the use of dogs for hunting and game conservation can be increased.

The enormous benefit of dogs for tracking crippled big game was not widely recognized in North America when game laws were written. Hence, dogs were frequently excluded from big game hunting. Increasingly, this inadvertent oversight is being corrected in Canada and the U.S. In Ontario, the hunting regulations have been changed to enable the use of dogs for tracking, through the efforts of the Big Game Blood Trackers Ontario and other hunters. Our hope is that by providing workshops and a proven method of testing other provinces may follow suit.

A blood tracking test has been offered as an add-on to the VHDF-US Performance Evaluation (see #6 in those rules). A similar version is now offered separately by VHDF-Canada.

The date for the next test has not been set yet, but is planned for August 2019 in Alvena, SK. A blood tracking workshop will be held in Alvena, SK in June, 2019.

~ VHDF-Canada Blood Tracking Test Scores ~

Blood Tracking Tests, as separate tests, were offered beginning in fall 2015. The tests involves a 450 m trail laid in an S curve a few hours before the dog is allowed to track on leash with its handler. The time limit to complete the track and find the "mammalian game" at the end is 45 minutes.

A separate webpage contains more information about training as well as details for laying a track.

Previous VHDF Tests in Canada

Since the beginning of VHDF in 2007, there has been an annual fall test in Saskatchewan, north of Saskatoon. In 2010, there was also a one day puppy test in June.

The test results since 2007 are available as a pdf downloadable document.


VHDF-Canada membership is open to anyone interested in running a dog in a field test or blood tracking test. People who are interested in training versatile hunting dogs or in training dogs for blood tracking big game are also welcome to join.

Most dogs used for field tests are purebred dogs of one of the versatile breeds such as Brittany Spaniel, German Shorthair, German Wirehair, Griffon, Large Munsterlander, Pudelpointer, Viszla, etc. However dogs used for blood tracking can be of any breed or cross.

See How to Join or Renew Membership for more information.

VHDF-Canada Judges

The popularity of the blood tracking option has influenced our appointment of judges in Canada. By approving judges separately for blood tracking and field testing, VHDF-Canada has been able to enlist experienced practitioners from the police-dog and trailing-dog community.

More detailed information and a list of approved Judges is available on a separate linked page.

Judges approved by VHDF-Canada are authorized to judge in the HAE (1), AHAE (2), and PE (3) levels of testing. Prior to approval, each judge has:

  • run at least one dog in level 1 and either level 2 or 3.
  • Provided a summary of their hunting experience which must include both upland and waterfowl hunting.
  • holds a "current" bird hunting license in their home province.
  • attended a workshop that discusses the VHDF testing and scoring philosophy and discussed the safety and educational responsibilities of being a judge.
  • passed a written online exam after reading the VHDF testing guidelines and other background material

Judges approved by the VHDF-U.S. organization are authorized to judge in any VHDF-Canada field test.

Blood Tracking Judges will undergo a separate approval process. Some may be authorized to judge only this test. As of January, 2019 these judges include: Brent Grabowski, Saskatoon; Matt Walpole, Saskatoon; Joe Schmutz, Saskatoon.

VHDF-Canada Officers - 2020

  • President: Craig Wilson (wilson at edwards.usask.ca)
  • Treasurer: Oksana Moshynska (vhdf-canada-funds@shaw.ca)
  • Secretary: Sheila Schmutz (sheila.schmutz@usask.ca)
  • Director of Judging: Joe Schmutz (joe.schmutz@usask.ca)
  • Director-at-Large: Todd Shury, SK (twshury@sasktel.net) & Jim Baker, ON (jjlbaker@Rogers.com)

In addtion:

Blood Tracking Proposal Subcommittee (2017)

Calendar of Events

  • Annual Meeting: Sunday, February 9, 2020; Saskatoon


For more information on the U.S. VHDF, visit Versatile Hunting Dog Federation

For more information on VHDF tests held in Canada from 2007-2018, visit VHDF Tests in Saskatchewan